Schools bells ring, baseball season winds down and football season warms up. The end of summer draws near, with autumn and winter coming right behind it. After 2012’s record setting heat wave summer, homeowners should take extra precautions when getting their backyard, patio, and lawn ready for the cold weather months.

Listed below are seven tips to help everyone make sure their yard and patio get through the snow, rain, and sleet with a minimum of hassle and damage.

Make Sure Your Storage Space Is Suitably Weather-Resistant

Storage Sheds

A plastic resin storage shed

Especially for homeowners in parts of the country with a lot of snowfall, choosing the right storage shed or portable garage or shelter is an absolute must. Learn your shed or shelter’s snow resistance level, and find out what steps you can take to augment its weather resistance.

Caring for your storage shed, no matter what its construction type, is much like performing routine maintenance on your house. Make sure the roof and foundation are in good condition, that the windows and doors do not leak, and that the entire structure is free of pests, rodents, and termites. Perform the checks in autumn, before the cold weather complicates inspection.

Cover Your Swimming Pool – And Protect Its Machinery – Against Freezing

Both in-ground and aboveground pool owners should cover their pools with manufacturer-recommended tarps. Also, lower your pool’s water level so that it is below the skimmers’ entrances. This will prevent damage if the pool water freezes.

Take precautions to protect the pool’s pumps, pipes, and other machinery against damage from freezing. Such steps can include blowing water out of pipes and draining water from the filters and wrapping the pipes with insulation. You may also want to cover exposed machinery with a weather-resistant tarp. Remember that freezing conditions can occur even in the Deep South.

Protect Your Lawn With Mowing, Over-Seeding, Aeration, and Fertilization

Greenhouses

Store fragile plants inside a greenhouse

You’ll keep a greener lawn all winter long by over-seeding it  with grass that thrives in cold weather. Experts recommend over-seeding about six weeks before the first expected hard freeze.

Mow your lawn frequently during the fall. This will shred fallen leaves, helping them feed the grass. However, rake up any excess shredded leaves as they’ll block sunlight and encourage rodent and insect growth. Try to keep your grass at about 2.5 inches in height.

A late-autumn fertilizing will help give your lawn the food it needs for a healthy hibernation. Take precautions, however, when dealing with these potentially dangerous chemicals.

Aerating involves making small holes in your lawn, the better to let in oxygen and fertilizer nutrients. The aeration process is simple and time-efficient, and the tools are available from most hardware and hardware rental stores.

Remove Dead and Dying Plants From Your Flowerbeds

The debris and decaying matter left behind as annuals and dying plants decompose can block sunlight, nutrients, and rainfall from reaching healthier and perennial plants. Though it’s tough to know when to pull the plug, some judicious culling can help nurture your hardier plants. Greenhouses can help store plants, but remember to keep them free of snow pileup and other weather hazards.

Give Your Fences, Decks, and Wood Structures A Fresh Coat of Sealant

Shade Sails

Make sure any backyard canopies are water-permeable, or take them down for the season.

Sealants (also called water proofers) protect your wood fences, decks, and structures from both weather and damage from the sun’s ultraviolet rays. To test your sealant’s effectiveness, just splash water across its surface. If the water is quickly absorbed into the wood grain, it’s time for a recoating.

Experts recommend sealing wooden decks once a year, ideally in the late summer and early fall when temperatures are relatively mild. This keeps the sealant at its freshest – and most effective – during snowfall and hard freeze months. Fences should be recoated every two to three years, as the foot traffic that wooden decks endure helps to rub off their sealants at a faster rate.

Remove all furniture or decorations, and give the wooden surface a thorough cleaning first. Allow the wood to dry for two to three days before applying the sealant.

Safely Store All Equipment and Machinery

Storage Tents

Storage tents and shelters can serve dozens of purposes.

Don’t forget that your yard and garden equipment, tools, recreational vehicles and machinery are all subject to the cruelties of Old Man Winter. Storing them in a weatherproof or weather-resistant shelter will help protect them against the elements and humidity.

For additional protection, enclose your recreational vehicles (motorcycles, four-wheelers, bicycles, et cetera) in specially designed sleeves and slipcovers.

 

Pack Away All Unused Lawn and Garden Furniture

It’s true that many lawn and garden furniture sets and pieces are engineered and treated to resist the elements. But there’s no reason not to preserve them even more by giving them additional shelter. Putting your tables, chairs, and other pieces away inside a storage shed or portable shelter, ideally wrapped inside weather-resistant covering, will help to keep them looking like new.

Before storing away your yard and garden tools, give them all a good cleaning and polishing with machine oil. This will help against rusting and other elemental damage, and work to keep them like new until you need them again in springtime.

CanopiesThe summer of 2012 isn’t done with us yet! As record temperatures continue bedeviling much of the United States and the rest of the world, the cooler, refreshing temperatures of autumn seem to take longer and longer to arrive.

The blazing heat may have you staying indoors and away from the backyard and patio you’ve worked hard to renovate and enjoy. But the dog days of summer don’t have to keep you penned up. Take some cool relief from the ideas and tips listed below.

Give Your Patio A Shade Sail Cover

Shade Sail CanopiesShade sail canopies combine the functionality of traditional canopies with the versatility of a portable canopy cover. The finished result is a beautiful, elegant canopy that can block most (if not all) of the sun’s harmful ultraviolet rays while still providing some much needed sun blockage. If you live in an area with a lot of rainfall – those daily showers that only seem to make things steamier – make sure you get a water-permeable canopy. Their specially-constructed fabric allows rainwater to pass through without pooling atop the sail’s surface.

Most sail shade canopies come with installation hardware included, and can be hung over patios, decks, and swimming pools in only minutes.

Cover Your Backyard With a Portable Canopy

CanopiesCreate a shade oasis in your backyard with a portable canopy. Modern portable canopies are easy to set up, block virtually all sunlight and UV rays, and assemble and break down again in minutes. They’re perfect for backyard parties, get-togethers like barbecues and garden parties  - especially wedding receptions and birthday celebrations. They’re also incredibly handy to keep around for everyday use.

Set one up in the middle of your backyard and give yourself a place to rest while completing yardwork, an area to sit while the kids enjoy the backyard, or just a place out of the sun to enjoy some fresh air.

Canopies also come ready to take on a wide array of accessories, too, including anchor kits, weight bags, sidewalls, and headbands.

Stay Fresh And Cool With A Misting System

Misting Tents

Doesn't that look refreshing?

The misting systems that you’ve enjoyed at outdoor festivals, concerts and amusement parks are now readily available to the public. Some even run on city water pressure, meaning there’s no need to buy a pump. Sold with canopy tents or by themselves, misting systems deliver a fresh, refreshing spray of cool water, letting you recharge and relax when the sun gets too hot to handle.

For additional water pressure (meaning additional refreshing power), consider buying a medium- or high-pressure misting tent or misting system.

Screen Out the Heat With A Screened-In Porch

Patio EnclosuresPatio enclosures keep you shaded and protected from mosquitoes, no-see-ums, and other flying pests while remaining easy to install and take down. Their weather-resistant roofs mean they’re ready for years of long life, and you can even match the roof’s color to your house’s paint color or decorative plan. They’re big enough to enclose all of your back porch or deck of just a portion of it.

If your home doesn’t have a back porch, don’t worry. There’s a huge variety of screen houses that give you all the benefits of a screened, enclosed relaxation area but remain freestanding anywhere in your yard. To protect your entire backyard from flying pests, install a mosquito magnet and watch your yard’s flying pest population dwindle to nothing – fast.

Pergolas and Gazebos Are Elegant, Permanent Heat-Stopping Solutions

Pergolas

A cedar pergola

Besides remaining one of the most elegant decorative elements you can give your backyard, the pergola also makes a great frame for shade sail coverings, sun-blocking (and sun-welcoming) vine and liana growth, and as a shelter for your patio furniture and fire pits and outdoor fireplaces. The rugged, handsome pergola frame will beautify any patio, porch, or deck, helping to your home’s comfort (and property value) while helping shield you from direct sunlight.

Of course, you can give your entire backyard a gorgeous new centerpiece by installing a gazebo. Whether built from scratch or from a kit, gazebos bring undeniable ambiance all by themselves or when decorated with flower beds, LED lights, and patio furniture. And they make great places to relax, hang out, and spend time with friends and family.

Use Your Portable Shelter or Garage To Keep Yourself Cool

Canopies

Semi-permanent canopies also make great picnic pavilions.

When you must beat the heat, re-employ the portable or semi-permanent shelter you use to cover boats, vehicles, and other machinery as an oasis. Most modern outdoor canopies and portable garages are built for the long haul against sunlight and severe weather, so they’re more than capable of keeping you and your family cool. They also make perfect temporary coverings for plants and other pets who need some relief from direct sunlight.

Remember too that the transition doesn’t have to be permanent. Just empty out your portable shelter for a day or afternoon, and enjoy its cooling shade all you want before replacing your machinery.

Keep Your House Cool With An Awning

Awnings It’s a sad truth that most people don’t recognize exactly how much direct sunlight affects their home energy bills – especially sunlight that enters through windows and doorways. By installing a retractable or fixed awning, you can block heat uptake that warms your house, while preventing harmful ultraviolet radiation from penetrating window glass and damaging furniture and carpet. There are even awnings specially designed to work with low-overhead doorways, too.

Some modern awnings feature top-flight materials including lightweight aluminum frames and high-endurance acrylic canopy coverings. Many models are also available in dozens of color and style choices.

By the way, remember that protecting yourself from sunburn and other harmful effects stemming from exposure to ultraviolet rays takes more than just a beautiful backyard. Read our guide to preventing sunburns and UV damage elsewhere on this blog.

 

Gazebo

A gazebo surrounded by landscaping

It’s either a moment of frustration or inspiration for millions of homeowners: looking out on the empty or practically-empty expanse of lawn and wondering how to transform a flat square of grass into something worthy of the dream home it surrounds. Fenced-in backyards present a special challenge: they’re enclosed, making them more intimate, but that same limited space can make design and renovation options seem limited, too.

But empty or neglected backyards and lawns are really just “rough clay” awaiting sculpting into something which any homeowner can feel proud to call home. Here’s seven ideas to jumpstart your backyard and lawn’s journey from blah to bravo:

Furniture Isn’t Just For the Patio

Don’t get us wrong, patio furniture is lovely. But there are also dozens of chair, table, and entertainment options available for the backyard itself. Adirondack chairs provide a touch of classic Americana, while hammocks and swings make great places to unwind on a long, lazy summer or weekend afternoon. For the ultimate in mid-lawn entertaining, go with a portable wet bar or fire pit set up out in the grass. Set up a couple of ottomans or cushions to put your feet up, and sit back.

Set Up A Gazebo or Pergola

Gazebos have served as centerpieces and crown jewels of some of finest private landscapes in the world. Modern gazebo kits are remarkably affordable and even come in a variety of styles and designs, the better to suit your own house’s period design. While they function best in larger yards or property areas where they don’t overwhelm the available space, they make attractive design contributions to even medium-sized backyards and enclosed properties.

An alternative to the gazebo that’s growing in popularity by leaps and bounds, the free-standing pergola offers a backyard and patio centerpiece that makes a distinct design statement while staying versatile enough for a variety of design plans.

Cover Your Yard, Pool With a Canopy

Canopies

A sail shade canopy

Canopies are sturdy enough to stand in your backyard year-round, but most modern canopy models are designed to break down in minutes. Canopies are great ways to provide shade and shelter in your backyard, patio, and pool areas, and some come with sidewall accessories to afford you extra privacy when you want it.

Shade sail canopies offer a stylish twist on the usual canopy cover, and work well to provide cover to part or all of the pool or back patio areas. Many are water permeable, meaning they can be left up even during rainy weather.

Light Up The Trees, Fences and Bushes

Much like the strings of holidays lights seen everywhere in December, LED light chains make warm and relaxing accents to backyard decor. Their durable and energy efficient construction makes them ideal for nighttime illumination, and they’re a great way to express your creativity. Just string, twist, and rope them around your trees, across fences, and over and above bushes and shrubbery to get a unique “glittering” effect.

Make An Area Just for the Kids

If you’re a parent, you’ve probably invested in a larger backyard at least partly to give your children a safe place to play and just grow up. As you plot out your backyard renovation plans, you might want to leave room especially for the children. A playset or playhouse will give them years of fun- and imagination-filled adventure, and give you the peace of mind of safe and dependable entertainment for your children and their friends.

Install A Greenhouse or Storage Shed

GreenhousesGreenhouses aren’t just a way to spruce up your backyard. The right greenhouse can supply your family with plenty of incredibly fresh vegetables, herbs, and spices. It’s not every backyard decorative touch that can actually make you healthier while bringing your backyard additional beauty.

Storage sheds take the storage and maintenance pressure off your garage and carport. They make ideal parking places for lawn mowers and other equipment, and for storing seasonal decorations and other family or household items that aren’t needed year round.

Plant Flowerbeds Wherever You Can

Flowerbeds and gardens make great decorative additions to many of the ideas suggested above. Raised flowerbeds are surprisingly easy to build – many can be finished in a single afternoon. (Check out our guide to planting them here.) Come spring and all summer long, you’ll be able enjoy the color, texture, and vitality they’ll bring everywhere a flower blooms.

 

Sunscreen ProtectionEven though for millions of people the lure of the summer sun proves irresistible, the threat of skin damage is never something to take lightly. Enjoying the great outdoors means taking ample precautions, for yourself as well as your family.

When to Avoid The Sun, and When to Cover Up

Skin care experts recommend staying out of direct summertime sunlight between the hours of 10 AM until 4 PM, when the most amount of solar radiation reaches the Earth’s surface. When moving around outside, stay to the shade as much as possible.

Wear sunglasses, not just to shield your eyes from the glare but also to protect your eyelids and eye lenses from ultraviolet (UV) radiation. Sunglasses can block as much as 80 percent of harmful rays.

Experts also recommend wearing protective covering, including sleeves, hats, caps and visors to protect as much of the skin as possible. Children and those with very fair-skin are at a higher risk of contracting skin cancer and are encouraged to cover up as much as possible.

Use Sunscreen Early, Use Often

The American Academy of Dermatology and the Skin Cancer Foundation recommend using a broad-spectrum sunscreen with a Sun Protection Factor (SPF) of 30 or higher. They also recommend using such lotions, sprays, and other formulas frequently and thoroughly – at least every two hours, and even on cloudy days or when standing on sand or pavement or under shade.

Apply the sunscreen to clean skin about 30 minutes before going outdoors, and immediately after swimming or after profuse sweating. Parents should consult a doctor before applying sunscreen to babies aged six months and younger. People with fair skin or a family history of skin problems should use sunscreens with a higher SPF, as should anyone expecting prolonged exposure to the sun or intense exposure (working outside all day, working near reflective surfaces).

Unfortunately, not all sunscreens are created equal. Make sure to use a broadband (or broad-spectrum) variety that protects against both kinds of harmful UV rays: Ultraviolet A (UVA) and Ultraviolet B (UVB).

How Do UVA and UVB Rays Affect the Body?

Shade SailsUltraviolet A rays can penetrate skin tissue, leading to wrinkles and age spots. Ultraviolet B rays burn the skin tissue. Together, UVA and UVB rays can raise the risk of skin tumors.

Exposure to UV radiation has also been linked to premature aging, melanoma and nonmelanoma skin cancer, cataracts and other eye problems, and even immune system suppression.

Levels of ultraviolet radiation change daily depending on weather patterns and the Earth’s position relative to the sun. The Environmental Protection Agency publishes a UV index that measures the amount of ultraviolet radiation in local areas on a daily basis. Results range from zero (no danger) to 11+. The EPA’s daily results are available at their UV Index Web page.

What Does SPF Mean? What Does It Measure?

SPF measures protection against only UVB rays, and as yet there’s no reliable means of determining UVA blockage. Researchers determine a sunscreen’s SPF by measuring how long it takes treated skin to burn compared to skin that hasn’t used the tested sunscreen.

Keep in mind there’s no universal agreement about how much or how powerful a sunscreen to use. For example, a SPF 60 sunscreen isn’t necessarily twice as good as a SPF 30, depending on your skin sensitivity, how much you use or how often you use it.

Sunscreens also have an expiration date, usually about three years from the time of its manufacture.

Different Sunscreen Forms For Different People

CanopiesCreams, sprays, waxes and powders all work more or less equally well – so long as they boast an adequate SPF. Water-resistant sunscreens will also help retain protection after swimming or sweating.
Doctors recommend creams for patients with dry skin, and that people who are sensitive to skin care products avoid sunscreens that include oxybenzone.

What Are “Inorganic” Sunscreens?

Mineral-based sunscreens, sometimes called “inorganic sunscreens,” use zinc oxide and titanium oxide to protect the skin without penetrating it. These provide an alternative for people with sensitive skin yet remain as effective as other kinds of sunscreens.

Of course, sometimes the best efforts aren’t enough. Watch next week for our guide to treating and dealing with sunburns.

 

PlaysetsFor most homeowners, the summer months are the prime time to enjoy their backyard. The long days, mild nights and of course the holiday weekends and vacations can make the lure of the outdoors irresistible.

In the summertime, parents and party hosts alike can follow these tips to keep their backyards, pools, decks and patios clean, safe, and healthy.

Make Sure Your Lawn Is Enclosed and Secure

Especially for people living in the outer suburbs or countryside, loose wildlife and stray pets can pose a significant health risk to yourself and your pets. Secure your backyard or property by checking your fence for holes or for burrows along its base.

For areas without fences, use an animal repellent system to discourage stray pets and local wildlife from coming on to your lawn.

Inspect Your Deck, Gazebo, Playhouses and Playsets

The elements and normal wear and tear can leave your wooden backyard areas unsafe. Check foundations and sunken posts to make sure the concrete is secure and that rot and mildew have not eaten into the wood. Also, make sure that no nails, screws, or splinters protrude from the lumber’s surface. Playsets and playhouses should be on level ground and secured to their foundation.

The undersides of railings, eaves, and elevated decks and tree houses are common areas to find wasp and hornet’s nests, and small wildlife like snakes will sometimes nest in the dark areas beneath decks and raised playhouses. Use an exterminator to check beneath such areas, or carefully spray them with pesticide from a safe distance.

Keep Your Grass Clear of Debris, Holes

Storage ShedsLoose trash, rocks, leaves and branches, and small holes or divots can present risks for twisted and sprained ankles, painful falls, and cuts and bruises. Use extra sod or loose dirt to fill any holes, and call an exterminator if the holes persistently reappear. Remember that loose leaf piles and other organic matter can serve as breeding grounds for insects.

When mowing and trimming your lawn, keep children at least 30 feet away from the machinery, and remove all debris before cutting and trimming. Even small pebbles and sticks can become dangerous projectiles when they collide with a mower’s or edger’s blades. Remember to wear long pants and protective shoes when conducting any lawn cleanup or repairs.

Spray for Insects, But Stay Wary of Pesticides

Keep pesticides locked up in the utility room or storage shed at all times. When spraying for pests, keep the lawn closed off from children and visitors for the recommended time found on the insecticide’s instructions.

Mosquitoes and other flying insects can present not just an annoyance but also a risk of disease and other infections. Reduce mosquitoes’ breeding capacity by clearing your property of standing freshwater, especially within shaded areas. Mosquito repellent systems can also reduce local insect populations when used consistently over time.

Keep Your Patio Furniture Looking Like New

Patio Dining SetsIronically, heat and humidity are the natural enemies of patio furniture, leading to mildew and rot that can spoil both good looks and comfort. If you use lawn sprinklers, cover the furniture or move it out of the spray area to prevent standing water from helping mildew spread. Clean vinyl and plastic furniture by using warm water and gentle detergents. (Check the furniture instructions for specific cleaning guidelines.)

Clean your patio or deck floor by sweeping up loose debris and trash. Using or blower or just pushing the stray matter into the backyard only causes small bits of it to get trapped or stuck under furniture and in nooks and crannies. Trash and debris swept into the yard will eventually finds it way back onto the patio floor.

Don’t Forget Sunscreen

Finally, protect yourself in the backyard by using sunscreen and wearing appropriate clothing when participating in backyard activities. You’ll prevent sunburn and avoid simple injuries like nicks, cuts, and scrapes. Keep a first aid kit either on the patio or nearby: for example, within the pantry of the laundry room, guest bathroom, or any room located just inside the house.

PatiosStrip away everything that makes a patio a patio, and what’s left? A stretch of outdoor flooring? Maybe an overhang?

Just like your home decor, it’s the design accents that mark the difference between a patio that’s just a wide open space and one that’s a hub of relaxation and entertainment. It’s true that almost any furnishings will help fill space on the patio, but creative home design – the kind that builds that hub – is about so much more than just putting down a few chairs and a table on which to rest drinks. In every way that counts, the patio is really a room in your house – albeit one that has no ceiling.

Choosing the right table and chairs is crucial, but additional furnishings can play a large part in giving your home the patio it deserves. Choose carefully, and don’t be afraid to take your time in finding exactly the right furnishings and elements that suit both your needs and your decorative plan.

Don’t Limit Your Thinking To One-Size-Fits-All

The most traditional, and most common, patio table and chairs are full-sized sets that are essentially just kitchen dining tables constructed for the great outdoors. But such models aren’t necessarily perfect for smaller patios – or rooftop or backyard decks. For those areas, installing a conversation or chat set will still give the area a definite centerpiece but still let you keep the most free space available.

Smaller conversation sets also create a better sense of intimacy than full-size sets, so they’re better for entertaining small groups – or just individuals. They can also go in a corner or off to the center of a patio or deck area, to allow room for other decorative elements.

Use Canopies and Umbrellas, But Keep Plenty of “Airspace”

PatiosFor smaller patios and decks, an over-sized umbrella can swallow too much of the deck space beneath it. Your umbrella shouldn’t be larger than the table it covers, and it should be high enough that guests don’t have to duck down to sit down. Elevate your patio umbrella so that its central ring (the top of its tassels or overhang) reaches about eye level.

Two intriguing alternatives: the shade sail canopy, which hangs overhead when connected to the eaves of your house or a pole implanted in your yard; and the pergola, an upright, free-standing or mounted trellised arch that can shade some or all of your patio or deck.

Decide What Food and Drinks You Want Available

Your image of a perfect patio or deck likely includes a barbecue pit and possibly also a wet bar. Both come in various shapes and sizes, with grills using different kinds of fuel – typically either charcoal or propane – and wet bars with a variety of features including sinks and coolers.

Just like with the patio table and chairs, it’s important to measure our your total floorspace and then allocate the amount you want to setting up your grill and bar. If you’ve got the space, you can install built-in grills and bars alongside your outdoor fireplace or entertainment center. Bars make great corner accents, but smaller and even portable models can go almost anywhere on the deck or even stand at the edge, in the backyard.

How To Use A Large Amount of Space

Patios

A chimenea

On the other hand, if your patio or deck has an wide or expansive floor space, your challenge becomes using that space in ways that don’t make the area look sparse or indifferently furnished.

A pergola (mentioned above) can help divide your patio or deck space into separate, covered and outdoor areas that can serve different purposes or roles in entertaining (underneath for food and drinks, outside for entertaining). Pergolas also make great bases for vines and climbing plant growth

Outdoor fireplaces make amazing patio centerpieces. They’re often situated at the edge of patios, sometimes at an angle that encourages placing furniture around them. Though wood-burning fireplaces are the most traditional, patio owners may find that gas- or electric-powered models save time and money on cleanup.

Smaller patios can install space-efficient chimeneas, which provide plenty of warmth without a minimum of maintenance and cleanup.

Don’t Forget the Plants

The more vegetation you introduce to your patio, the more lush it becomes. Keep your patio tidy by avoiding plants  or vines that spill over onto the patio or deck floor. Remember too that plants need varying amounts of shade and water. Grouping like-functioning plants together will save time in watering and care.

Keep Your Patio Going After Dark

Don’t rely on your backyard’s area lights to bring illumination to your patio or deck. LED lights, light chains (not all that different from those used during the holidays) and outdoor lamps all create atmosphere and ambiance when used to light your area creatively. As a rule of thumb, keep your table and chairs relatively brightly-lit (alternately, use candle light) and try different lighting schemes in the other areas. Judge what works best by walking about fifty feet or so into your yard and taking a look back at your handiwork.

Pergolas

A patio pergola

The hot summer days and nights can discourage you from enjoying the patio you’ve worked to transform into an area of comfort and relaxation. Rather than give in to the heat, follow these simple, cost-effective ways of cooling off your backyard, patio, or deck. It’s your relaxation space, so don’t lose it to rising temperatures!

Increase the Shade with A Canopy

It’s hard to cool off any outdoor area when the sun beats directly upon it. Chill out and cool down your patio by installing a canopy to shelter it from the heat and light. If you’re looking for an additional dose of style, consider installing a sail shade canopy over your dining area, barbecue area, or garden. You might even get a large-sized sail shade canopy to shelter your entire patio.

The advantage of sail shade canopies – besides their sleek look – is their ease of installation. Some sail shade canopies even come complete with the hardware you need to affix it to your house’s roof, overhang, or other supporting position.

Enclose Your Patio with a Screened Porch

Screen PorchesScreened porches offer probably the ultimate in protection from the sun. They also help keep out flying insects and small animals. But their greatest strength can also be a disadvantage: screened porches separate you, at least a little, from the great outdoors. They’re the best choice for homeowners looking to enjoy fresh air and comfort more than the thrill of outdoor relaxation.

Install a Pergola

The timeless beauty of a pergola gives your patio or deck a garden ambience that’s only accentuated when you use it as a trellis for vines and other climbing plants. Pergolas are sturdy, so they’re dependable much like a screened porch, but they still allow for plenty of fresh air and even sunshine throughout their sheltered area.

For complete shade, you can also cover the top of the pergola with canopy cloth, to block the sunlight completely or almost completely. Be sure to use canopy cloth that’s  water-permeable, so that rain can’t pool atop it and cause sagging.

Install a Retractable Awning

You’ve probably seen retractable awnings demonstrated in television commercials. As advertised, they shade your backyard patio or deck when you want, and retract when you don’t. Some models of retractable awnings feature lights to help decorate your patio and increase its nighttime ambience.

Patio Cooler Serve Refreshing Drinks From An Outdoor Bar

Outdoor bars keep drinks nice and cool for you. One of the most important steps to take during the summer months is to stay hydrated. Installing an outdoor bar makes having a refreshing drink much more convenient.

Cool Off with Misters and Fan Towers

Misters deploy a light spray of cool water over a given area. (You’ve probably enjoyed them at amusement parks, zoos, or festivals.) They’re simple to install and operate, but may not be practical in residential areas that practice water conservation during the hottest parts of summer.

Tower fans, like box fans, stir air circulation in a localized area in order to cool that area down. They can be highly effective, but some homeowners may find the white noise the spinning fan blades generate to be a noisy distraction. Fan also possibly represent safety hazards for households with very small children.

Keep Cool – But Keep Insect Free, Too!

Mosquito MagnetEveryone prefers relaxing in shade to direct sunlight. However, that same shade can lure flying insects including mosquitoes and no-see-ums towards your patio or deck. Cleanse your relaxation area of annoying, potentially harmful insects by installing an insect trap in your backyard to lure them away from the patio or deck. Insect traps such as the Mosquito Magnet can drastically reduce insect populations when used regularly.

Party Canopies Memorial Day is just a couple of weeks away, and after the long, lazy days of June comes the excitement and spectacle of Independence Day. If you’re planning on throwing a backyard party for the holidays or just to get some friends and family over, you want the celebration to be the best you can make it.

Renovating your backyard to be the best space it can be is another matter entirely. But despite what you may think, you don’t have to spend a fortune to get your backyard or patio looking party-ready. Simply take the following steps.

Get Your Backyard Into Clean Shape

Just opening the doors and cracking open the ice chest was fine for the parties you threw in college. But as a homeowner, you want your backyard to make the same statement about your sense of class that your house would make during an indoor fete.

Take the opportunity to spruce up your backyard, too. Install a popup canopy to offer a place beyond the patio where guests can congregate. Plant flowerbeds around your storage shed, and use its front porch (if it has one) as a second place to serve drinks and food.

Don’t Skimp On the Decorations

A party is the chance to transform your backyard into a celebration space that your guests won’t soon forget. Decoration schemes for Independence Day are self-explanatory: flags, banners, streamers and other patriotic gear. But you can also use light strings (just like at Christmastime), banners and streamers, and other party decorations throughout the party area. Your gazebo, canopy, storage shed, and backyard deck all make great places to string with lights, banners, and other decorations.

Be Prepared for Unpredictable Weather

Patio Furniture In the event of sudden showers, where will your guests go? If you’re partying in the park, a party canopy makes a great shelter to wait out the rain. On the patio, a sail shade canopy will keep rain off but also protect guests from the hot summer sun, too.

Monitor weather forecasts, of course, but keep your eye on the weather around your party area. It never hurts to have a contingency plan, including asking a group of family members or friends in advance to help you scramble the food and drinks inside when the wet weather arrives.

Remember That Seating Is Essential

If you’re serving food (and let’s face it – it’s not really a backyard party without food) you need to anticipate seating for all your guests. Patio tables and chairs will provide places for some, but for the overflow you’ll need to take special considerations. Borrow chairs from your neighbors, or take the opportunity to invest in new patio furniture that will replace the set you already have.

Some guests will be happy to eat in lawn chairs, so make sure there’s plenty of those available, too. Plastic lawn chairs can be attractive while still lightweight and durable.

Take Precautions Against Insects

Mosquito MagnetsAsk most people their least favorite thing about the great outdoors and you’ll likely hear “mosquitoes” or “bug bites” more often than not. For backyard parties, installing a mosquito magnet can drastically reduce the local mosquito and flying “no see um” population when used continuously. Plan to use the mosquito magnet well in advance of your celebration, to give it time to work its pest-clearing magic.

Backyard RenovationThe dedicated homeowner understands that the home doesn’t end at the front and back doors. Decorating and landscaping the backyard doesn’t just give pretty landscaping, but actually extends the living space into the great outdoors.

Backyard renovation – sculpting and transforming your backyard into a showcase entertainment and recreation area – doesn’t have to cost thousands and consume hundreds of weekend hours. Consider the five easy renovation tips:

Start With the Patio and Work Outwards

A great patio will serve as a recreation space through spring and fall and even well into autumn. Keep off the chilly temperatures leading up to winter with an outdoor fireplace. Available in wood-burning, gas, and electric models, an outdoor fireplace becomes a centerpiece to your patio area and a great backdrop to your patio furniture.

If your patio or back deck area is too small (or if you’re looking to renovate your rooftop deck,) consider installing a fire pit. These smaller, typically roundish installations give you the ambiance and comfort of a campfire in a controlled, contained area.

New Furniture Means New Comfort, Fresh Beauty

Patio and backyard furniture have a lifespan. After a while, replacing the tables and chairs reaps the same benefits as updating the furnishings on the inside of your home: a new sense of freshness to their area, an updated sense of style, and a fresh motivation to enjoy staying home.

Getting new patio furniture gives you a great opportunity to experiment, too. You can buy furniture with a new and different motif. You can even install new fixtures (a wet bar, a TV) that take your patio’s entertainment potential to a new level.

Expand your Storage Space with an Outdoor Shed

Storage sheds aren’t just for having a place to stow lawnmowers and snow blowers anymore. Modern storage sheds also serve as a greenhouses, root cellars, wine cellars, and personal “museums” and storehouses for collectibles.

Many storage sheds feature decorative accessories, too, including window boxes and shutters, cupolas and weather vanes. These are usually sold separately but may come included with the storage shed assembly kit.

Gazebos, Arbors, and Pergolas Add Depth, Versatility

Backyard RenovationBeyond the deck or patio, the backyard will benefit from a gazebo or pergola to act as a centerpiece for flower beds, swimming areas, and gravel or brick pathways. The ancient elegance of the gazebo also makes a great place to establish a wet bar or dining area.

Like the traditional garden arbor, pergolas make ideal scaffolds for ivy and other hanging plants. All three backyard structures can be painted (white is the most elegant color), but also look handsome when left their natural wood grain.

Gazebos, arbors, and sheds are available in different wood grains, and many are sold as prefabricated kits. Some manufacturers offer cedar and redwood models as well.

Set Up A Canopy For Fun In the Shade

If you don’t want to commit to a permanent backyard structure, the popup canopy or tent affords shelter from both the sun and rain only whenever you need it. Canopies make great shelters and (with sidewalls) outdoor dressing areas for pool parties and other events. For something a little more sporty, a sail shade lends any backyard a touch of architectural grace while still providing sun-beating shade.

Here’s a bonus tip: control pests throughout your backyard by investing in a mosquito magnet to lure and trap mosquitoes and other airborne pests away from where you and your family and friends enjoy your backyard.

West Nile Virus

In experiments, the Asian Tiger Mosquito was found to transmit West Nile Virus

Classified by the Center for Disease Control as part of the Japanese encephalitis strain of flavivirus (yellow fever) and also similar to dengue fever, West Nile Virus first came to widespread public attention in the United States following an outbreak in Queens, New York in 1999 and gained further notoriety during the epidemic of 2002. The virus is transmitted to humans principally through mosquito bites, though it can affect other mammals including horses, dogs, cats, and rabbits (among others) as well as a variety of birds including crows and robins.

Infection, Incubation, and Symptoms

Infection is humans has proven to be largely asymptomatic; the Louisiana Department of Health and Hospitals reports that 90% of people infected with West Nile Virus never present symptoms. Others contract West Nile Fever, a condition which includes feverishness, fatigue, sore muscles and rash.

Some extreme cases develop into one of several neuroinvasive diseases called West Nile Meningitis, West Nile Encephalitis, and West Nile Meningoencephalitis. Encephalitis is an inflammation of the brain; meningitis is an inflammation of the membrane around the brain of of the spinal cord. Meningoencephalitis is an inflammation of both.

Transmission

The virus is transmitted from mosquitoes to birds, who act as incubators and who pass the strengthened virus to mosquitoes via further bites. According to the CDC, the disease is not transmitted from human-to-human contact, although one documented case involved a mother passing it to her infant child through breast milk. People older than 50 and patients with compromised immune systems are at higher risk of becoming seriously infected.

In 2009, U.S. health officials recorded 663 confirmed cases of West Nile Virus infection among humans. Of these, less than one percent of those infected contracted one of the neuroinvasive diseases.

Prevention

Mosquito Magnets

An electronic microscope image of the West Nile Virus

The CDC recommends applying EPA-approved insect repellent to both skin and clothing, or wearing long-sleeved shirts and full-length pants (not shorts) when weather permits. Insect netting should be placed over children’s cribs and strollers.

Homeowners can reduce the presence of mosquitoes in their home and on their property by installing window and door screens to keep mosquitoes from getting into the house. As mosquitoes tend to congregate around standing water, draining all flower pots and pans, storm drains and gutters will also discourage mosquitoes from lingering around the house and yard. Finally, a variety of mosquito traps are available which act to replicate human breathing and temperatures, working to divert mosquitoes from attacking human targets.

Where to Get More Information

Additional information is available at the CDC’s West Nile Virus information page